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Raising The Bar

👍🏾Tunisia Becomes Second African Country And First Arab Nation To Outlaw Racism. Here Is What Will Happen If You Break The Law

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Tunisia’s black minority has long complained of racial discrimination [File: Mohamed Messara/EPA]

When Ghofrane Binous was a child, she was told she was dirty because her skin was black. Binous, now a flight attendant with Tunisia’s national carrier Tunisair, recounted how children in her neighborhood excluded her from their play one day, telling her: “All of you are dirty because you are black and your family does not bathe you.” She returned home crying that day and scrubbed her face until it was raw. Later on, she said she started using bleach on her face because she was told it would make her skin lighter.

Many Tunisians are “instinctively racist”, Binous said, explaining that racism and discrimination are everyday occurrences for many black Tunisians. In May, Binous made global headlines when a disgruntled passenger on a Tunisair flight called her a racial slur.

“She could have criticized Tunisair. Instead, she targeted my person,” said Binous. “I don’t remember ever crying that hard.”

The incident prompted the captain to deplane the passenger and sparked outrage on social media. Binous was also called to the parliament’s rights committee, where legislators expressed  solidarity with her and called for an investigation.

The passenger never faced action, according to Binous. But that could change now.

Last Tuesday, Tunisia’s parliament voted to criminalize racial discrimination, in a vote activists hailed as historic in the North African country, where unofficial estimates say 15 percent of the 11.5 million population identify as black.

Under the new legislation, those convicted of racist speech face one month in prison and a $350 fine, while incitement to hatred, making racist threats, or belonging to an organization that propagates racism can result in one to three years in prison and fines ranging from $185 to $1,110.

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Beauty

Miss Algeria 2019 Is Black, Racist Trolls Are Attacking Her But She Won’t Back Down

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The newly crowned winner of Miss Algeria beauty pageant has hit back at critics who have hurled racial abuse at her because of her skin color.

“I will not back down because of the people who criticised me,” Khadija Ben Hamou told Algerian news site TSA.

Slurs about her dark skin colour, nose and lips have been made on Facebook and Twitter.

ALSO READ: Tunisia Becomes Second African Country And First Arab Nation To Outlaw Racism. Here Is What Will Happen If You Break The Law

Darker-skinned Algerians face discrimination in the North African state.

Ms Ben Hamou, who comes from the southern Adrar region, said that she was proud of her identity and winning the competition.

“I am honoured that I have achieved my dream, and I am honoured by the state of Adrar where I come from,” she said.

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Lifestyle

African Vibes Magazine’s Billionaires of 2018

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When it comes to African Billionaires, there are some usual suspects that make the list every year. Unfortunately, 2018 closed on a very bumpy note in the equities market and for many billionaires, this among other things resulted in some considerable loses in fortunes and some billionaires dropping off the list altogether.

The list dropped by 7 from 31 African billionaires to 24. A few billionaires still managed to grow their fortunes. Most Notably Nigeria’s Mike Adenugu who grew his fortunate the most with a 3.2 billion increase over his 2017 fortune.

Folorunsho Alakija remained Africa’s richest woman, Mohammed Dewji is still Africa’s youngest billionaire, and South Africa’s Elon Musk maintained the number one spot as the richest African on the list.

African Countries represented on the Billionaire list

By the end of 2018, South Africa had dropped 5 billionaires from the previous year. They closed with 6 billionaires, same as Egypt which dropped 2 billionaires from its 2017 list.

Nigeria maintained its 3 billionaires while last year’s newcomer from Zimbabwe still held his own. The other countries represented are Angola, Algeria, Ethiopia, Sudan, Swaziland and Zimbabwe with their first Billionaire.

African Billionaire Age Distribution

There are 3 billionaires in their forties, 5 in their fifties, 7 in their sixties, 6 in their seventies and 3 in their eighties. Africa’s youngest Billionaire is still Mohammed Dewji from Tanzania at Age 42.

Methodology

The African Billionaires list is a snapshot of wealth taken on January 1, 2018. It is based on the Forbes Real-time billionaire wealth calculator. The calculation is derived from stock prices and exchange rates from around the world used to calculate net worths. Some fortunes change from day to day due to fluctuations in the market.

The list is based on individuals rather than multigenerational families who share large fortunes, though included is wealth belonging to a billionaire’s spouse and children if the current list member is the founder of the fortune. In that case, you’ll see “& family” on the list. Also included are married couples who built fortunes and businesses together. 

It was an interesting year for African billionaires as some fortunes shrunk and others grew. So let’s look at who is left on the list and how they did in spite of the rough year-end.


PictureAfrica RankForbes RankNameNet WorthAgeWealth SourceHometown / Residence
1#35Elon Musk$21.9 B47Tesla MotorsSouth Africa / United States
2#125Aliko Dangote$10.5 B61Self Made, cement, sugar, flourNigeria
3#149Mike Adenuga$8.7B65Telecom, OilNigeria
4#180Nicky Oppenheimer$7.6 B73DiamondsSouth Africa
5#217Patrick Soon-Shiong$6.6 B66PharmaceuticalsSouth Africa / United States
6#240Nassef Sawiris$6 B57Construction, ChemicalsEgypt
7#316Johann Rupert$5.2 B68Luxury goodsSouth Africa
8#413Nathan Kirsh$4.4 B86Retail, Real estateSwaziland
9#519Issad Rebrab$3.8 B75FoodAlgeria
10#572Naguib Sawiris$3.5 B64TelecomEgypt
11#758Haim Saban$2.8 B73TV network, InvestmentsEgypt / United States
12#955Strive Masiyiwa$2.3 B58TelecomZimbabwe
13#958Koos Bekker$2.3 B66Media, InvestmentsSouth Africa
14#964Mohamed Mansour$2.3 B70DiversifiedEgypt
15#1033Isabel dos Santos$2.2 B45InvestmentsAngola
17#1107Aziz Akhannouch$2 B58Petroleum, DiversifiedMorocco
16#1110Patrice Motsepe$2 B56MiningSouth Africa
18#1317Othman Benjelloun$1.7 B86Banking, InsuranceMorocco
19#1387Folorunsho Alakija$1.6 B68OilNigeria
20#1405Mohamed Al Fayed$1.6 B89Retail, InvestmentsEgypt
21#1441Mohammed Dewji$1.5 B43DiversifiedTanzania
22#1463Yasseen Mansour$1.5 B57DiversifiedEgypt
23#1783Mohammed Ibrahim$1.2 B72CommunicationsSudan / United Kingdom
24#1786Youssef Mansour$1.2 B73Self Made, diversifiedEgypt

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Business and Development

African Billionaires of 2017

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Aliko Dangote

It was an interesting year for African billionaires as some fortunes shrunk and others grew. Notably Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote’s wealth dropped by a couple of billions, giving South African/Canadian/American billionaire and founder of Tesla Motors, Elon Musk the edge he needed to top the list.

African Countries represented on the Billionaire list

In 2017, South Africa still topped the list with 9 billionaires after dropping Christoffel Wiese and adding Stephen Saad and Desmond Sacco. Egypt’s list grew to 8 billionaires with Sawiris family patriarch back on the list.

Nigeria’s billionaires dropped from 5 to 3, dropping Abdulsamad Rabiu and Femi Otedola. The other countries represented are Angola, Algeria, Ethiopia, Sudan, Swaziland and Zimbabwe with their first Billionaire.

African Billionaire Age groups

Mohammed Dewji

There are 3 billionaires in their forties, 5 in their fifties, 8 in their sixties, 7 in their seventies and 5 in their eighties. Africa’s youngest Billionaire is still Mohammed Dewji from Tanzania at Age 42.

Methodology

The African Billionaires list is a snapshot of wealth taken on January 1, 2018. It is based on the Forbes Real time billionaire wealth calculator. The calculation is derived from stock prices and exchange rates from around the world used to calculate net worths. Some fortunes change from day to day due to fluctuations in the market.

The list is based on individuals rather than multigenerational families who share large fortunes, though included is wealth belonging to a billionaire’s spouse and children if the current list member is the founder of the fortune. In that case you’ll see “& family” on the list. Also included are married couples who built fortunes and businesses together. 

Africa’s Billionaires of 2017

PictureAfrica RankForbes RankNameNet WorthAgeWealth SourceHometown / Residence
1#61Elon Musk$19.6 B46Self Made, Tesla MotorsSouth Africa / United States
2#131Aliko Dangote$12.1 B60Self Made, cement, sugar, flourNigeria
3#144Mohammed Al Amoudi$10.5 B71Self Made, oil, diversifiedEthiopia / Saudi Arabia
4#212Patrick Soon-Shiong$7.9 B65Self Made, pharmaceuticalsSouth Africa / United States
5#216Nicky Oppenheimer$7.7 B72DiamondsSouth Africa
6#239Johann Rupert$7.1 B67Luxury goodsSouth Africa
7#269Nassef Sawiris$5.6 B56Construction, chemicalsEgypt
8#347Mike Adenuga$5.5 B64Self Made, telcom, oilNigeria
11#543Issad Rebrab$4 B74FoodAlgeria
9#464Nathan Kirsh$4.6 B85Retail, real estateSwaziland
10#538Naguib Sawiris$4.1 B63TelecomEgypt
12#699Haim Saban$3.3 B73Self Made, TV network, investmentsEgypt / United States
13#766Isabel dos Santos$3.1 B44InvestmentsAngola
18#1213Allan Gray$2 B80Money managementSouth Africa
19#1260Yasseen Mansour$2 B56Self Made, diversifiedEgypt
14#872Koos Bekker$2.8 B65Self Made, media, investmentsSouth Africa
15#898Mohamed Mansour$2.7 B69Self Made, diversifiedEgypt
16#1045Patrice Motsepe$2.4 B55Self Made, miningSouth Africa
17#1145Aziz Akhannouch$2.2 B57Petroleum, diversifiedMorocco


31#2005Desmond Sacco$1 B75MiningSouth Africa
20#1269Mohamed Al Fayed$1.9 B88Self Made, retail, investmentsEgypt
21#1650Strive Masiyiwa$1.7 B57TelecomZimbabwe / United Kingdom
22#1482Othman Benjelloun$1.6 B85Banking, insuranceMorocco
23#1610Youssef Mansour$1.4 B72Self Made, diversifiedEgypt
24#1625Folorunsho Alakija$1.4 B67Self Made, oilNigeria
25#1666Mohammed Dewji$1.4 B42DiversifiedTanzania
26#1812Stephen Saad$1.2 B53Self Made, pharmaceuticalsSouth Africa


27Michiel Le Roux$1.2 B69BankingSouth Africa


30Christoffel Wiese$1.1 B77RetailSouth Africa
28#1913Mohammed Ibrahim$1.1 B71Self Made, communicationsSudan / United Kingdom
29#1955Onsi Sawiris$1.1 B88Self Made, construction, telecomEgypt

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