Incumbent Macky Sall convincingly won the 2019 Senegal elections. In an election with four other challengers, President Macky Sall won by 58 percent of the vote. The win gives the President his second and final five-year term. President Macky Sall was first elected in 2012 for a seven-year term—before a change in the constitution. His second term gives him 5 more years to advance his agenda.
Senegal applies the two-round system in elections. A candidate must get at least 50 percent of the vote to avoid a second round. With 58 percent of the vote, President Macky Sall won in the first round—no run off. Other candidates in the election included Madicke Niang with 1.5 percent, Issa Sall with 4 percent, and Osmane Sonko with 15.7 percent. Former Prime Minister Idrissa Seck came second with 21 percent of the vote.
One little interesting observation was that Senegal did not get nearly as much excitement as Nigeria did in its elections. Just a little over a day after votes were casted, there was already talk of the incumbent winning. The other candidates did not agree with this but did not create a fuss or contest it. The electoral commission put out their results formally today confirming the incumbent as Winner. There was little fuss and the country is continuing with business as usual. Some observers shared their opinion on Twitter.
oh btw … Senegal has already declared their winner … https://t.co/qiwSLWZzZQ
— ICON Help (@Stand_Nigeria) February 27, 2019
#Senegal is the #Africancontinent's poster child on matters related to democratic elections. About 6.5 million people of the country's 15.9 million inhabitants voted peacefully in one of #Africa's most stable countries. #WestAfrica #AfricanPolitics #Democracy #AfricanEconomies
— Rick Li (@Rick_Li88) March 1, 2019
Had coffee with @DavidNdii & he went “rogue”. Tells me the African nations that'll win the future R those with BORING elections. “Senegal had elections & it hardly made news. DRC & Nigeria also did and they made a LOT of news”. We're doing something with that idea #BoringAfrica pic.twitter.com/0b7R6NSFS7
— Charles Onyango-Obbo (@cobbo3) March 1, 2019
Senegalese Reactions to Macky Sall Win
As expected, there are varied reactions to Macky Sall’s win. An impressive 66 percent of registered voters turned out to vote—including diaspora voters. Loud cheers broke out at Macky Sall’s party headquarters when the results were announced. However, small riots were reported in Dakar where students protested the results.
To both local and international observers, Macky Sall’s win was not a surprise. Most pundits predicted his win in the first round. Opposition leader Idrisaa Seck has stated that he will not contest the results. Before the elections, there were diverse social media reactions on the disqualifications of Karim Wade and Khalifa Sall.
Macky Sall’s Agenda and Promise for Senegal
Having already served a seven-year term, much of Macky Sall’s campaign promises for 2019 elections was for the continuation of his development agenda. During the 2012 election, Macky Sall promised to create 500,000 jobs in his seven-year term.
The president has claimed that between 2012 and 2018, his administration created 491,000 jobs. In addition, Macky Sall’s first term saw the completion of large infrastructure projects. The projects include highways and a new airport.
These achievements provided a basis for Macky Sall’s 2019 campaign promises. During his last campaign for the 2019 elections, Macky Sall promised the creation of one million jobs—through housing program. Furthermore, the president promised to supply electricity to more households, build more roads, and introduce 50,000 streetlights. In addition, the President promised to establish youth and women’s entrepreneurship programs.
According to Mamadou Fall Kane, the President’s advisor, the president will continue to transform Senegal for the next five years. Sall wants to position Senegal as one of the most resilient economies on the contient. He has promised to improve the wellbeing of the Senegalese people for the better and we have 5 years to see how makes these happen.
Mauritius and Kenya Sign New Deal. Ban Lifted on Kenya’s Produce
Kenya and Mauritius signed a new deal that saw Mauritius lifting a ban on Kenyan farm produce. The new agreement enhances trade between the two African countries. Mauritius had initially banned baby beans, baby carrots, broccoli, and avocados from Kenya. Bilateral talks between Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth and Kenya President Uhuru Kenya culminated in the lifting of the ban on these products.
The bilateral talks also saw the signing of the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement—DTAA. In addition, the two leaders signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation for the development of an Export Processing Zone in Kenya.
Kenya and Mauritius also signed an Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement. Other agreements signed include MOU in the field of arts and culture, an MOU in the field of higher education and scientific research, and an MOU on tourism.
Impact of the Deal
The signed agreements will boost Kenya’s ambitions to reach its development goals. According to President Kenyatta, the agreements will particularly boost Kenya’s manufacturing sector and create employment opportunities.
The new deal will further foster cooperation between Mauritius and Kenya. This means that the cordial relationship between the two countries is enhanced. This relationship will boost trade and investment opportunities in both countries.
Both Kenya and Mauritius have long coastlines, and more benefits can be derived in their blue economies through cooperation. President Kenyatta stated that there is a need for the two countries to look for ways of enhancing maritime transport by linking the Port of Mombasa to Port Louis. An established link is considered a catalyst for growing trade and businesses in the two countries.
The key benefit to Kenya from the deal is the promotion of its agricultural produce. Mauritius lifted a three-year ban on Kenyan avocado. Kenya lost the avocado market in Mauritius in 2015. The ban was due to the Mauritian National Plant Protection Office citing low hygiene standards of the Kenyan avocados. Lifting of the ban will now see more exports of avocados to Mauritius, along with other farm produce such as baby carrots and broccoli.
Kenya’s deal with Mauritius follows an initial pact with China. In 2018, Kenya signed deals with China and the Republic of Korea that opened opportunities for farmers to export more agriculture products to the two countries. The Kenya-China agreement opened opportunities for Kenya to export meat, flowers, and a selection of fruits and vegetables to China.
Kenyatta’s visit to Mauritius for the deal makes him the first Kenyan president to visit Mauritius.
10 Easiest Countries to Do Business in Africa 2019
Do you want to do business in Africa? As you may well be aware, Africa is a continent that is buzzing with potential. One of the primary reasons it makes the best place to invest is its untapped opportunities. There is so much that you could do here. On top of there being a ready market and raw materials, the continent is also not short of skilled labor. Now, Africa has many countries; you cannot probably invest or do business in all of them.
The small economies in Africa are the best performing in terms of policy and business reforms. For this reason, the best three countries to do business in Africa today are not necessarily the economic giants of South Africa (position 82 globally), Egypt (position 120 globally), Nigeria (position 146 globally) or even Kenya.
The World Bank report uses very specific parameters in measuring the ease of doing business in a country and determining its position worldwide. These parameters include ease of starting a business, taxes, contracts, access to credit, training, dissemination, registering property, and cross-border trade. The World Bank looks at a total of 190 economies in the world. And at this time, despite minor improvements, our own Eritrea (189 positions) and conflict-ravaged Somalia (position 190) managed the last two slots. The list below gives you the ten easiest countries to do business in Africa.
Top 10 Easiest Countries To Do Business in Africa
#1 – Mauritius
Mauritius is one of the easiest countries to do business in Africa. The incredible part is that it ranks first in Africa! World Bank report has also positioned it 20th on a global scale. This should not be in vain. What makes Mauritius the best country to do business in Africa? There are several factors. The ones highlighted by World Bank being a notable improvement in areas of business creation, obtaining building permits, cross-border trade, enforcement of contracts and infrastructure. The predominant language for business is English.
#2 – Rwanda
Rwanda is an East African country with a lot of economic potentials. It is ranked the best in East Africa (pdf) by reports in ease of doing business in the region. The country is also rich in natural resources like minerals and agriculture. The country has so much going on, even in foreign trade. We are talking about tea, minerals, coffee, and tourism and so on. Is the legislative environment conducive? Well, as a matter of fact, it ranks 33 in property rights and 47 in innovation.
There are 4 official languages in the country. Kinyarwanda is the language spoken by most of the population. English, French and Swahili are the other 3 official languages. In 2008, English became the language of instruction in schools – this was a switch from the Frech language. The predominant languages for business are English and Swahili.
#3 – Morocco
Morocco is an African country that is located in the northern part of Africa; it is actually the most northerly country in the continent. Morocco ranks third when it comes to Africa’s best countries to do business in. What are the perks of doing business in this country? Truth be told, you will be overwhelmed.
It all starts with the mere fact that the country has proximity to Europe. What does that mean? The proximity makes foreign trade relations easy. Also, it makes the country a hotbed of investors. The business climate is also diverse and very proactive.
Since the government has geared its efforts towards the education sector of the country, educated workforce keeps increasing. The Moroccan government is also very stable and in support of economic development. There are so many opportunities to harness in this country. The country also has exceptional performance when it comes to Monetary Freedom.
Morocco is multilingual with different flavors of Arabic and French commonly used for communication. However, the predominant language for business is French.
#4 – Kenya
Kenya has the most powerful economy in East Africa. Just to show you why Kenya makes a good pick, you need to note that the state has risen the ranks in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business from position 136 globally to 61. The most incredible part is that this happened in less than five years. That is not all. The country has also exhibited exceptional economic and infrastructural development which makes it even easier to run business in the state. When it comes to innovation, the country ranks third in the Sub-Sahara. As you have seen, it offers a very conducive environment for business.
Kenya has two official languages, English and Swahili. However, English is predominantly used in business.
#5 – Tunisia
What makes Tunisia one of the best countries to do business in Africa? Well, there are several reasons why you should invest here. For one, it is one of the African countries that have the most diversified market-based economy. Also, just like Ghana (position 114 globally), you will even get to enjoy personal freedom as an entrepreneur. The country ranks fifth best country to do business in Africa.
Tunisia has two main ‘official’ languages. Modern Standard Arabic and French. Both languages are used to conduct business.
#6 – South Africa
Despite being an Africa economic giant, South Africa has not made as many significant reforms as needed to rank better as a country of destination for doing business in Africa. However, it is worth noting that South Africa ranks as the sixth best country to do business in Africa. Also, it has an overall rank of 82 in the world. South Africa’s economy can be described as a middle-income emerging market. The country also has abundance in natural resources and a well-developed transport and communication sector. That is not all. The country is also doing very well in the financial and legal sector.
The South African stock exchange is also impressive, ranking 20th in the world. All that combined with Investor Protection and Property Rights makes the country one of the best to invest in Africa.
South Africa has 11 official languages. However, business is mostly conducted in English.
#7 – Botswana
Botswana ranks seventh in Africa, and 86 in the World among the best countries to do business in. This is by reports released by the World Bank. What makes Botswana a catch? For one, the mining sector is attracting an outstanding number of investors. Also, it is good to note that Botswana’s banking and insurance sector is a force to reckon with. Cross-border trade and access to credit in the country is pretty impressive.
Botswana has two official languages, English and Tswana. However, English is the language predominantly used to conduct business.
#8 – Zambia
There are excellent potential and opportunity for growth here. It would be satisfying if you set up a business in the country and watch it grow as the nation grows. Despite the country relying heavily on copper trade, it has one of the fastest growing economies in the continent.
Zambia recognizes 7 languages as regional official languages. However, English is predominantly used in business dealings.
#9 – Seychelles
Seychelles is yet another country that ranks top 10 in the list of best states to do business in Africa. This has been attributed to the diverse economy. We are talking about tourism, agriculture, energy, and telecommunications. More so, the country has been ranked 96 globally by the World Bank.
Seychelles has 3 national languages – Seychellois Creole, English and French. However, English is the language predominantly used in business dealings.
#10 – Djibouti
Djibouti is among the top ten countries that improved quite significantly across three or more doing business areas as measured by the World Bank. The country did reforms in the areas of accessing credit, starting a business, protecting minority investors, enforcing contracts, registering property and resolving issues of insolvency. Most significantly, the country ranks among the top ten in Africa because of creating a one-stop shop for business startup.
According to Atou Seck, World Bank Resident Representative in Djibouti, “The reforms undertaken by the Government of Djibouti to improve the business environment can be a catalyst for change in the country’s economic landscape”
Djibouti has 3 official languages – Somali, Arabic and French. However, French is the language predominantly used for business dealings.
Most Improved Countries
On the list of the 10 most improved economies in the world are 5 African countries. The countries are Djibouti, Togo, Kenya, Côte d’Ivoire, and Rwanda. Of the 5 countries, only Djibouti has been on the most improved list for 2 consecutive years.
Where will you invest?
Africa is a growing and diverse continent that is ripe with opportunities for investments and business. You cannot afford to miss out on the share of the economic pie. As you look for countries to do business in Africa, the list here should provide you with the best in the continent. The countries are packed with talent, innovation and also rich in natural resources. Invest and be a part of the business revolution happening in Africa!
Ethiopian Prime Minister’s War On Corruption Results In Arrests Of 59 More Officials
Since coming into power in 2018, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed made a firm resolve to clean-up public institutions. Ahmed canceled the contract between the government and METEC (Metals and Engineering Corporation), a military-run industrial conglomerate. The latest crackdown on corruption on Thursday 11th April 2019 led to the arrest of 59 officials.
Among those affected by the arrest are the head and staff of the Public Procurement and Property Disposal Service. Commenting on the matter on Friday the nation’s attorney general, Berhanu Tsegaye, said the arrest is based on the suspicious acquisition of properties and economic sabotage.
“We found properties, such as title deeds of houses held by the suspects, which are beyond their income.”
Just one year in office but the prime minister is taking great strides in reforming the country. Ethiopia now has improved relationships with neighboring countries. These efforts have earned the prime minister a Nobel Peace Prize nomination.
Abiy Ahmed’s Previous Public Institution Cleanup Efforts
According to Berhanu, the recent arrest follows a three-month investigation involving officials from the Ethiopian Water Works Construction Enterprise and Pharmaceuticals Fund and Supply Agency. However, this is not the first time the government is making efforts to stamp out corruption. In November 2018, the government arrested over 60 intelligence officials, businesspeople, and military personnel on various charges of right violation and corruption. Tsegaye said
“[The offenses of some of those arrested include] beatings, forced confessions, sodomy, rape, electrocution, and even killings [and mismanaging METEC].”
The high-profile arrest included officials from METEC. Consequently, this led to the cancellation of the contact between METEC and the government. The former METEC head was in January 2019, charged with corruption. This makes him the most senior official in the arrest to be prosecuted. Ethiopia’s spy chief was also fingered in a botched plot to assassinate the new prime minister.
Reactions Trailing The Anti-Corruption War
It is all positive response for the anti-corruption war of the new prime minister. However, an opposition figure, Yilikal Getnet says the prime minister is merely playing to the demands of the people. In an interview with The Associated Press, Getnet said,
“These have been issues that we in the opposition have long been calling for, too. The ruling party alone can’t bring justice for all these atrocities committed in the past.”
Amnesty International also thinks the arrests are the right steps in the right direction. Commenting on the November 2018 arrests, the East Africa Director of Amnesty International, Joan Nyanyuki said,
“These arrests are an important first step towards ensuring full accountability for the abuses that have dogged the country for several decades. Many of these officials were at the helm of government agencies infamous for perpetrating gross human rights violations.
- Explore Africa1 month ago
20 Modern African Women Leaders Who Are Opening New Trails For Women
- Explore Africa2 months ago
There Is A Growing List of African Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship
- Arts & Culture2 months ago
Beyonce Wears Ankara Suit By Nigerian Designer to UTA Artist Space Event
- Business and Development3 months ago
These 3 African Countries Are Minting Millionaires At A Rate Faster Than The United States
- Celebrities2 months ago
20 Most Influential African Actresses On Instagram
- Lifestyle2 months ago
Ethiopian Prime Minister and Wife Set An Example With Adoption From Kibebe Tsehay Orphanage
- Fashion1 month ago
DESIGNER SPOTLIGHT: Sheelah Garbrah Gives The Kente Cloth A Stunning Makeover With Her Ohemaa Collection
- African Ingenuity1 month ago
2019 Africa Owned Car Brands Manufactured In Africa